This fantastic, mysterious temple was not built but carved out of just one rock in 760 A.D. by King Krishna 1 of the Rashtrakuta dynasty.
Kailash temple is one of 34 beautiful caves, situated in Ellora near Aurangabad in Maharashtra.
Ellora Caves are also one of the most popular and most visited UNESCO World Heritage site of India The temple was constructed in dedication to Lord Shiva, and it was designed in the way of Mount Kailash. The pyramidal structure of the temple is believed to represent the shape of Mount Kailash.
The Kailash temple was carved out from the rock in the Sahyadri range of the Deccan plateau at a village, which was called as Elapura, later named as Ellora.
The temple took around 18 years to be carved out without any modern technology.
The Architecture of Kailash Temple
People of modern days that are our era are finding it difficult to accept the fact that, ancient people without any technology constructed the whole Ellora temple in just 18years. The way this beautiful temple is designed is really mesmerizing.
Unlike other temples, this temple was built from upwards and went down.
The temple architecture shows epic Ramayan and Mahabharat and also the adventures of Lord Krishna. It shows the incarnations of Vishnu i.e., 10 avatars of Lord Vishnu and has the largest cantilevered rock ceiling in the world.
Some Interesting Facts about Kailash Temple
The Kailash Temple is a magnificient temple in itself. The Shiv idol made stands on two parts Adhisthana and Upapitha. In the exterior is the Nandi mandapa with 16 independent pillars with 20 pilasters on the wall.
Since, the temple is constructed by carving the rock; it is very difficult to believe the inscriptions which are carved on the temple walls. As during that time, there were no technology and equipments to make those inscriptions at such a high level.
It is said that the Ellora caves were built during Satyug, one of the four yug Satyug, Tretayug, Dwaparyug and Kaliyug (the time we living in). In this time, the Humans are believed to be 32 feet (approx.) tall and their lifespan was of lakhs of years, which made it easier to build the temple. They used to work 16 hours a day for the construction of the temple. They used mirrors for the reflection of sunlight so that they could work properly, for some parts of the temple which were in the inner area; they used multi layered mirrors for the reflection of sunlight.
Another interesting fact about this Ellora caves are, there are some holes which are as narrow as 3 feet, and without proper modern tools, it is difficult to dig holes with such precision. People used to believe that they used water with some chemicals to dig holes and narrow lanes.
The Kailash Temple was built so strongly, that no one could damage it. During the Mughal era, when Aurangzeb ruled, he tried to dismantle the Kailash temple. He sent around 1000 men, to destroy it. But after 3 years of trying, they could only do the minimal damage to the temple. Later, Aurangzeb realized the strength of the temple and finally gave up.
How to Reach Ellora from Pune and Mumbai
- First, you have to go to Aurangabad, from Aurangabad the temple is just 30 km. There are direct trains from Pune and Mumbai to reach Aurangabad
- You can even take public transport buses from Pune and Mumbai to reach Aurangabad. From Aurangabad, you can take a bus or taxi services.
Tips before visiting Kailash Temple
- Best time to visit this temple is in December when the Indian classical music festival is held.
- It is opened in Morning (6 am to 12 pm) and Evening (5 pm to 8 pm). So, before visiting check the time.
- Do look for the intricate sculptures made on the walls and pillars.
- Carry a lot of water, Hat and Sun Glasses even if you are visiting during winters
For Indians: Rs.10/- per person
For Foreigners: Rs.250/- per person
Camera/Video charges: Rs.25/-